A Flurry of Courts Have Ruled on Election Maps. Here’s What They’ve Said.

A Flurry of Courts Have Ruled on Election Maps. Here’s What They’ve Said.

What’s next?

The Supreme Court is expected to rule in the spring, probably setting the course for the other cases in federal court as well.

The statewide congressional district map of North Carolina

How many seats does each party hold?

Ten seats are held by Republicans, and three by Democrats.

What’s happened so far?

The map was thrown out and ordered redrawn by a panel of three federal judges on Jan. 9, who said that Republicans had drawn it most recently in 2016 in an attempt to gain a political advantage.

Days later, the Supreme Court temporarily blocked the lower court’s order to redraw the map.

What’s next?

It’s unclear. The Supreme Court has not said whether it will schedule an argument in the case, known as Rucho v. Common Cause. It could let a ruling in another gerrymander case stand as the final word for other suits in the federal system. Because of the temporary block, experts say the current map will probably remain in effect for the midterm elections this fall.

2018 Election Calendar and Results

A full list of elections for the House and Senate, including which races matter most for congressional control.


The statewide congressional district map of Pennsylvania

How many seats does each party hold?

Republicans hold 13 seats, while Democrats hold five.

What’s happened so far?

The state Supreme Court ruled Jan. 22 that the map “clearly, plainly and palpably” violated the state constitution and ordered it redrawn. If the Republican-controlled legislature and the Democratic governor cannot agree on a new map that passes muster by Feb. 15, the court said it would impose one of its own.

If the map is redrawn, there are potential political and legal consequences worth watching.

What’s next?

Republicans hope to get the federal courts to intervene and stay the state court’s order, but experts say the odds are slim that the Supreme Court will intrude on a legal dispute that appears to exclusively involve state, not federal issues.

If not, the May 15 primary and Nov. 6 midterm general election will be held using a new map, though a March 13 special election will continue to use the old one.

The boundaries of the 6th Congressional District in Maryland

How many seats does each party hold in the state?

Democrats hold seven seats, while Republicans hold one.

What’s happened so far in this case?

The boundaries of the 6th Congressional District have been the subject of legal challenges since they were drawn in 2011. In the current case, known as Benisek v. Lamone, Republicans contesting the legality of the district boundaries were denied a preliminary injunction by a three-judge federal panel, and appealed that denial to the Supreme Court, which unexpectedly took the case.

The case argues that Democratic state lawmakers drew the map to place the Republican incumbent, Representative Roscoe G. Bartlett, at a political disadvantage, violating the voters’ First Amendment rights.

What’s next?

The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear arguments in the case in late March, but the map remains in effect in the time being.

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